Medicinal Plants / Herbs

Health Benefits of African Garden Egg – The Underutilized Fruit

Garden egg is a special Fruit with immense medicinal value for the treatment of different ailment such as high blood pressure, obesity, vision impairment and immune system 5

This fruit is seen around major local Markets in Africa. In Nigeria, it is very common with the Ibo community because of its cultural significance.

Hardly any ceremony  among the Ibos  ( wedding ceremonies, Chieftaincy title, Naming ceremonies and other cultural gatherings) that the fruit is not used as a snack.


Garden egg comes in  different colors – Green, Yellowish white, yellow,  stripped, Pure white and Purple respectively.


This vegetable is also known as melongene, garden egg or guinea squash.” width=”300″ height=”300″ /> Eggplant or aubergine on white background. This vegetable is also known as melongene, garden egg or guinea squash.[/caption]

The green and yellowish white is commonly grown mostly in Africa while the purple is grown in some part of Europe and America.

The African species is known as Solanum Melongena. In Britain, it is called Aubergine while in America and Asia it is known as Eggplant and Brinjal respectively

It is a universal fruit,  however listed among the many underutilized crops .)

Global Production.

According to statistics by Wikipedia, global production of eggplant was 49.4 million tons in 2012. 57% of that output is from China, India 27% while Iran, Egypt, Turkey and the rest countries produce the remaining balance.

Chemical composition.

To appreciate the medicinal value of this fruit we need to see its chemical and nutritional content.
Research studies published in Science World Journal Vol 6, No3 2011 and International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry shows that garden Egg contains the following chemical and nutritional compositions.

Mineral Elements.

The following mineral elements are found: Sodium, Potassium, Zinc, Cooper, Cadmium and Chromium.

Phytochemical composition

The composition are as follows, Flavonoid, Saponins, Oxalate, Alkaloid, Tannin and Phenol,

Proximate composition

Moisture – which is about 73% and others are  Crude protein, Lipid, Fiber, Ash content,  Carbohydrate, and Cyanogen glycoside


Retinol, Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin, Ascorbic acid (C), Calciferol and Tocopherol (E), Nicotinamide (B3)

Nutritional Value of Garden Egg (100g of Edible Portion)  Content MeasurementWhite-Garden

Below is a sample test of Egg Plant content measurement  in a study by Daniela Horna, Samuel Timpo and Guillaume Gruère,  2007,  for the Global Facilitation Unit for Underutilized species.

Water                90.6g
Energy              32 kcal
Protein              1.5g
Fat                       0.1g
Carbohydrate  7.2g
Fiber                    20g
Calcium             28mg
Phosphorus     47mg
Iron                     1.5mg
Vitamin A            – –
B-carotene          0.35mg
Thiamin               0.07mg
Riboflavin            0.06mg
Niacin                    0.8mg
Ascorbic acid      8g

Medicinal Benefit of Garden egg.

Reduce  Cholesterol Level

Garden egg is very useful in reducing High cholesterol level in the body. Cholesterol, as we know, is a risk factor in cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

Studies have shown that the fruit can be used to treat diseases associated with hyperlipidemia such as Ischemic heart diseases and arteriosclerosis and angina.

Eating garden egg will help you reduce this factor. Make it a habit of eating garden egg 2 to 3 times a week.


for those trying to lose weight or fighting obesity, this is a fruit you should make a companion.) Why? The fiber content makes you feel full any time you take it and this will reduce you’re craving for food.

In weight Management  the quantity of food you consume is also a factor  when considering  losing weight.

The calorie content is  also very low especially when you eat it raw.

Improve Eye vision

Scientific studies published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2003 by some Nigerian Researches shows that garden egg helps to lower eye pressure for persons with Glaucoma.

It is suggested that the fruit will be highly beneficial for treating people suffering from Glaucoma.

General nourishment of the body

The presence of different nutritional vitamins is why Garden egg is used both as medicine and as a food delicacy in many countries in the world.

These vitamins are essential for tissue and overall development and nourishment of the body and this is why it should be in your diet recipe.

The Mode of Consumption

Eating Raw– Garden egg is best eaten raw as a snack .

Take 2 or 3 unit,  wash it very well. You can apply a little salt when washing to help kill off some bacteria that may be on it from exposure. Wash thoroughly with clean water and then eat.

Make sauce– You can also make stew sauce with Garden egg and use it to eat rice, yam or potatoes. It is very delicious.Garden_eggs_being_sliced_for_boiling

Slice it into little pieces and add in a tomatoes sauce and cook  for just 3 minutes. Ensure low heat. Done. You can use it to eat rice , yam, plantain and potato

Finally, Garden egg is a very important fruit that should be on your dining tables because of its overall nutritional and medicinal benefits it brings to your body.

The leaf which will be subject for another article is also very medicinal as a blood and immune booster.  If you  do take this fruit like I do, share you experience with us.

If you ever need any feed back,  question or comments concerning this post please simply  drop it on the comment box below and I will be more than happy to get back to you.

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Thanks for dropping  by and  I look forward to see you again.

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